Puppy Care

PUPPY CARE AND HEALTH ISSUES
Some of the breeders very often do not watch out for breed-specific illnesses, nor for inbreeding or any hereditary breeding faults and defects, puppies are separated from their mother as fast as possible and thus insufficiently socialised. Never buy a Chihuahua puppy that is too young, not vaccinated and without a health check. Look for a licensed breeder with good reputation. We only breed top quality Chihuahuas, all health checked, vaccinated and health insured.
Chihuahua puppies can become stressed easily and this is the main cause of illness and even death to newly acquired puppies. Taking your puppy to your home from us, holding him/her too much, having to deal with other pets in the home, not eating right or playing too much in a big open area are some of reasons your puppy will become stressed and can get real sick. Your puppy should be in a warm dry area to sleep, crates, playpens, and puppy pens are great for keeping your new puppy in, it provides a safe place for your puppy and will help limit the stress he or she may feel. It can also help with toilet training, and give them a sense of security as their safe place. Provide a comfy bed in the area as puppies do sleep a lot. They will need food and water available at all times (this will also help with hypoglycemia). Avoid handling your puppy too much, this can add stress and and overtire. A tired puppy will not eat, he will only want to sleep and missing a meal can be life threatening to your new Chihuahua puppy. As the puppy grows older and stronger he/she will be able to play for longer periods of time. It's also important that puppies are not left alone for many hours each day, this too can cause over stress and could cause your puppy to refuse to eat and drink.
Never give your Chihuahua puppy the run of the whole house until they are at least 6 months old or older. With such a large space to run around in, it is easy for them to tire and lose track of where their food is and most important their potty pads or potty place. And if their not getting food on time, that could result in a hypoglycemia attack or even death for your puppy if they cant find their food and water. For the first few weeks do not let your baby Chihuahua out to play for longer than a 1 hour period at a time, just play with them for a short time like 15 mins, then give them a small dose of the Nutri-Cal or 1/4 spoonful Sugary Syrup and then place them back in their play area so they can potty, eat drink and rest for a while. Remember, that they are very small babies and tire easily. Please be careful not to over-tire your puppy especially in the first few weeks. A puppy will play until it drops. It may play so much, that it is too tired to even eat or drink water. It is up to you as the owner to be responsible and see that your Chihuahua puppy gets enough rest. Most very small puppies need as much as 20 out of 24 hours rest. Be especially aware of the amount of time children play with the puppy, you don't want your puppy getting really sick. These are just like human babies and must be treated as such, and I think of the tiny "teacup size" puppy just like a premie human baby that really needs extra care.
One of the best things about having a new puppy is, that you now have a reason to go on a major uninhibited shopping spree for all sorts of Chihuahua essentials. A visit to a large pet store or a glance through one of the many pet supply online, will regale you with items you never imagined a dog could need. But even if shopping is not your idea of fun, there are a few essentials you must have.
Chihuahuas love toys, homemade toys of stuffed socks are big favourites. Dogs, and especially teething puppies, chew. Of course, your Chihuahua will want to be well dressed. In cold climates, Chihuahuas  appreciate wearing a doggy sweater or coat. In any climate, your Chihuahua will need a harness not a collar. A lightweight leash is another necessity, never use a chain leash with a Chihuahua. You will need flat-bottomed food and water bowls, preferably stainless steel, because some dogs can have an allergic reaction to plastic and cracks in ceramic can hold bacteria. Although your young Chihuahua won't require much grooming, you will still need a soft brush and some nail clippers. You should also assemble your first aid kit.
Very young puppies should be fed at least 4 times a day, on a regular schedule. Feed them as much as they care to eat in about 15 minutes. From the age of 4 to 6 months, puppies should be fed 3 times a day. Some people let the dog decide when to eat by leaving dry food available at all times. If you choose to let the dog "self feed" - monitor its weight to be sure it is not overindulging. We feed our puppies with "Royal Canin" dry puppy food and "Naturediet" minced puppy tray food from "Pets at Home" pet store www.petsathome.com or much cheaper from online stores. Never give a puppy human food till 6 months, than slowly introduce real human food, fresh meats, veg and fruits. It will most likely cause stomach upset or a stomach infection which can be deadly!! We recommend keeping the puppy on the diet we send home with. However, should you at some point need to change the food follow these instructions: Mix the old food with the new food about half and half for about a week to allow his stomach to adjust to the new food. Then reduce the amount of old food a little each day until you have him completely on the new food. Should he have stomach problems with the new food, gradually put him back on the old again in the same manner. Abrupt changes in the diet can cause upset stomach and diarrhea. If this happens you will have to treat the symptoms. Royal Canin Feline Sensitivity control chicken and rice tray food and Royal Canin Rehydration Support will help you when the problem occurs (alway have these two products at home), we buy it on: www.medicanimal.co.uk. We will advice you on puppy feeding rutine, and you will also be given a puppy care sheet with all information.
FROM 6 MONTHS . The Best Dog Food For Feeding Your dog.
Real food: real chicken, turkey, beef, bison, venison, lamb, fish. Fresh vegetables and fruits. Occasionally yogurt and eggs.
No, this is not "people food." Calling real food "people food" makes it sound as though people are the only living creatures entitled to eat real food - that's not true.
ALL living creatures deserve real food. You can give real food to your dog by making homemade meals for him.
A multitude of veterinarians are in full support of feeding homemade. 
You can boost your pet's health profoundly by making one simple decision. All you have to do is change his diet from commercial-brand fare to something you may never have imagined giving him – real food. The fresh food you buy at the market for yourself is the food you should give your pet, too. Real meat is the best food for your dog, nothing else even comes close, but not just "muscle" meat your dog also needs organ meat and bone.
An ongoing series of pet food recalls has shocked owners into taking a second look at their pet's food.
Over 60 million pet food products have been recalled, including Hill's Science Diet, Iams, Eukanuba, Purina, Royal Canin, and many more….contaminated with (among other things) an industrial chemical called melamine). How commercial dog food affects your dog's health?
Every day, unhappy dogs parade through veterinary offices. They suffer from: itching, hot spots, dandruff, excessive shedding,foot licking, face-rubbing, loose stools,gassiness
What are these dogs eating? Virtually every one of them is eating an artificial diet.

Generations of dogs lived to ripe old ages on fresh foods, before the pet food corporations came along and changed (ruined) everything.
 Puppies have very weak control over their bowels, so that if you don't take them to their elimination area often, they may not be able to avoid soiling. To avoid accidents, learn to predict when your puppy will have to relieve itself. Immediately after awakening and soon after eating, heavy drinking, or if it's nervous or after playing. Circling, sniffing, whining and generally acting worried - usually signal sthat defecation is imminent. No matter how intellectually gifted your Chihuahua is, it probably will not have full control over its bowels until it is around six months of age.
Check the ears to ensure there is no sign of dirt, discharge or bad odour. If the ear appears red and inflamed and your Chihuahua is scratching or shaking his head, you need to seek veterinary advice. If the ear just appears to be a little dirty, you can wipe it with a damp wad of cotton wool. Never probe into the ear canal with cotton swabs, as you could very easily inflict an internal injury.
The eyes of the puppy should be bright and sparkling. Consult your vet at the first sign of discharge, redness or inflammation. Toy dogs / Chihuahuas suffer from tear stains simply because their tear ducts are too small for efficient tear drainage. The tears are more likely to stain on light-coloured coats. There are a number of proprietary products that you can use ho help eliminate staining. If you carry on trimming your pup's nails, he will be quite happy with the procedure. It's far better to keep trimming a tiny bit from the nails, rather then waiting until they are long.
Flea control can be difficult, but with a small dog/puppy there is no excuse for fleas to get the upper hands. Any flea control program must be undertaking with care, because overzealous and uninformed efforts may lead to the death of pets as well as fleas.
Most puppies do have worms at some point, even pups from the most fastidious breeders. Worms can have a serious health effect on puppies, so intestinal worming should never be overlooked. As a rule, all puppies need to be wormed every two weeks until 12 weeks of age, then every month until 6 months of age. After six months of age an adult dog needs to be wormed every 3 months.  We recommend "Panacur Puppy Paste"  which is very effective and safe for young Chihuahua puppies.
Any persistent cough should be checked by your veterinarian. Coughing irritates the throat and can lead to secondary infections if allowed to continue unchecked.
Vomiting is a common occurrence that may or may not indicate a serious problem. You should consult your vet immediately if your dog vomits a foul substance resembling fecal matter {indicating a blockage in the intestinal tract}, blood or if there is projectile vomiting. Sporadic vomiting with poor appetite and generally poor condition, could indicate worms or more serious internal disease that should also be checked by your vet.
Diarrhea can result from overexcitement or nervousness, a change in diet or even water, sensitivity to certain foods, overeating, intestinal parasites, infectious diseases such as parvovirus or coronavirus, or ingestion of toxic substances. Look for vet advice if you see bloody diarrhea, vomiting, fever. Normal temperature for a small dog/puppy is around 102f = 38.9 c.
Many owners think, that the actual vaccination is the protection, so that their puppy can go out for walks, as soon as he or she has had the final part of the puppy vaccination is to stimulate the immune system into producing protective antibodies which will be triggered if the patient is subsequently exposed to that particular disease. This means, that a further one or two weeks will have to pass before an effective level of protection will have developed.
Hypoglycemia:
Before the day your pup comes home, go to your vet or pet supply store and buy a tube of Nutri-cal. When you buy a very tiny size puppy from us you will be giving one. This may save your pup's life.
Hypoglycemia means low blood sugar. It can occur if a puppy has gone too long between meals, has gotten chilled or is stressed. It is common in small breed puppies and is life threatening - your puppy could die if not treated for it quickly.
A Chihuahua puppy should always have access to food and must be monitored to make sure that he/she is eating.
The puppy should always be kept warm, just like you would with a human baby, and should be watched closely after periods of stress, such as the first day in a new home, shipping, or first trip to the vet, and after periods of prolonged activity.
Here are some signs of Hypoglycemia: weakness, listlessness, uncoordinated (acting as if drunk), blue or grey tinge to the ears, gums or skin, cold to the touch, confusion, disorientation, and/or unusual drowsiness. Left untreated, the dog may go into seizures and/or unconsciousness and may die.
If you see any of the above signs, first: administer a supplement such as "Nutri-cal" gel for dogs and puppies (preferable) from www.Nutrecare.co.uk, maple syrup or sugar/glucose (dab it on the pup's gums and/or squirt under tongue). Then feed a protein-rich food, such as meat baby food or canned food. If symptoms do not improve immediately, CALL YOUR VET. If your pup perks right up and seems just fine after receiving the Nutri-cal or other sugar source plus protein food, and water closely monitor him/ her.
Do not put sugar in your Chihuahua's drinking water. This will not prevent low blood sugar, and could even cause the blood sugar to spike and drop, creating the very condition you were trying to prevent.
Although Chihuahuas are small dogs, that is no excuse to let them get away with poor behaviour or treat them as helpless little beings. Chihuahuas should be raised to have self-confidence. Never soothe your Chihuahua and say: "It's okay, good boy", if he is barking or growling at another person or dog, or acting fearful around something harmless like a plastic bag on the ground - this is actually rewarding negative behaviour  Displays of aggression should be corrected with a firm "no", and you should act calm and confident and ignore displays of irrational fear. Your puppy should be praised anytime he is calm, relaxed, curious about new things and outgoing.
Socialisation is very important! As soon as your puppy has been vaccinated, bring him to different places to meet lots of people, children and other small dogs as often as possible. Have strangers and children give your puppy treats to create positive associations. Puppy playgroups and basic obedience classes are strongly recommended. Chihuahuas are just as able to learn commands and tricks as big dogs are. Positive training techniques are recommended.
Parvovirus:
Even though Chihuahuas need to be socialised at an early age, it is best to avoid taking your pet to the park, on walks in the neighborhood, or around other unknown pets until it has been fully vaccinated and has a fully developed immune system (usually 16 weeks of age). This is because until your Chihuahua has had its full set of vaccinations, its immune system may not be properly equipped to handle diseases with which it could come in contact. Your puppy could easily get worms, parvovirus, or coccidia from contaminated feces or ground. Unfortunately, these diseases can live in feces and on the ground for many days and can be easily transmitted to a puppy. Puppies are very curious of their new surroundings and will go smelling around the ground and trees where another contaminated dog or cat may have left their markings.
Symptoms: symptoms could vary widely, depending on which disease your puppy has come in contact with. parvovirus often causes either depression, vomiting, diarrhea and/or cardiac problems (myocarditis). Myocarditis usually results in the puppy stopping nursing, crying out, and gasping for breath. Coccidiosis can cause diarrhea, dehydration, appetite loss, and anemia.
Treatment: seek veterinary treatment immediately if your puppy has come in contact with any of these diseases, and has not been fully vaccinated, as they can cause death in your puppy. Of course, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Avoid contact with other animals and unknown places prior to full vaccination of your puppy. Have those people who handle the puppy wash their hands before handling. Since parvovirus can also be carried on the bottom of your shoes, it is a good idea to keep shoes that you wear outdoors from contacting any area where the puppy eats sleeps and plays.
General Safety Tips:
Do not allow your puppy to jump off of furniture or steps as they can break a leg or be seriously injured. Never leave a Chihuahua puppy on a bed, chair or couch unattended! Letting your Chihuahua puppy sleep in the bed with you can also be dangerous, if you roll over on him, or he falls off the bed this can cause serious injury or even death.
Young puppies chew and ingest everything! Many plants are harmful and should be kept out of a puppy's reach. Electric cords should also be out of a puppy's reach. Puppy proof your house before bringing your puppy home.
A tiny dog is easy to lose. Never leave a puppy outside unattended! It is easy for someone to steal a tiny dog and large birds of prey have been known to carry off tiny puppies and small adult Chihuahuas. Check fences regularly for repairs or open gates. An exercise pen or a playpen is worthwhile investment to safely confine your puppy.
Have your puppy microchipped or have him wear a collar with an ID tag at all times.
Take care that you do not let your puppy play on a lawn that has been treated with toxic insect repellents, fertiliser  salt in winter, etc. Insect or rodent bait, carpet fresheners, floor cleaners and other cleaning supplies can also be toxic to your Chihuahua.
Remember a large dog can kill a Chihuahua in one bite! Pick up your dog if another dog approaches and always have your dog on lead.
Never let your Chihuahua run loose in a hotel room. Insect and rodent poison may be hidden under beds or behind furniture where your Chihuahua can reach and ingest it.
Never leave a dog in the hot Sun or outside in extreme cold. Never leave a dog in a parked car when it is warm outside!
Be careful of swimming pools, lake, pond – a Chihuahua that falls into a water can easily tire and drown.
Always hold your Chihuahua with both arms, one securely under the dog supporting it against your chest and the other on top of the dog. Squeeze with your elbow if the dog wiggles and kneel quickly to the floor. (A dog dropped from this height has less chance of injury than if dropped from a standing position.)
Never attempt to hold two Chihuahuas at once or something else along with the dog.
Tiny dogs are easily stepped on - watch your step and keep your puppy in a safe place when you have visitors! They will not be used to having a small puppy underfoot and are more likely to step on the puppy.
Chihuahua puppy should be bathed as needed with a mild, puppy-safe shampoo and kept warm and out of drafts until completely dry. Great care should be taken, that no water gets into a puppy's nose, ears  or mouth during bathing. Inhalation of water can lead to pneumonia.
Long coat Chihuahuas should be brushed regularly.
Brush your Chihuahua's teeth regularly and provide appropriate chew toys. Have your veterinarian check his teeth yearly. Poorly maintained teeth may lead to other health problems.
Trim your Chihuahua's nails regularly. If you do not feel comfortable with this procedure, have your veterinarian or a groomer do it. Dewclaws left untrimmed, can cause painful injuries. Untrimmed nails can also create splayed feet and make walking uncomfortable for your pet.
 
 Let's face it, dogs can be pretty disgusting. But, there is one particular behaviour that goes above and   beyond the rest - the eating of feces. For whatever  reason, dogs will chow down on poo in all its many forms, especially as puppies.  This behaviour, called coprophagy, is thankfully relatively easy to change with the right nutritional supplements and modifications to behaviour.
Why Dogs Eat Poo
To start with, you should understand why your furry friend is doing this in the first place. It's a good idea to take your dog to the vet if this is a common, persistent behaviour as it is often a sign of a deficiency in their diet.  There are actually quite a few deficiencies a dog might have that can lead to eating poo - a quick blood test or  stool test can often identify if it is anything  significant. Many times, supplementing whatever they're  missing from their diet can help with this problem.
 Getting Your Dog to Stop
Now that you've identified if there is a physical  problem, you can work toward fixing it. If your dog has a deficiency, that should be your first target. However, if  it is simply a behaviour they have learned somehow, you  can use behaviour modification to remove the desire to eat poo at all.
Reduce the Opportunity - Start by cutting out how  many opportunities a dog actually has to eat the poop. You  do this by collecting any poop and getting rid of it  immediately. Especially if you let your dog out into the  yard to poop, clean it up daily.  When you walk your dog, make sure you personally take  him to wherever he normally defecates and keep him away  from any other poop that may be on the walk.
Supervise Outings - You should personally oversee any walks by your dog. This includes going to the dog park, where the dog can often get away and get into messes. The  more time you spend watching and correcting behaviour, the  quicker he will learn.
Negative Stimuli - To effectively reduce the  behaviour, you'll need to connect unpleasantness with it. You can use a spray bottle or a noise maker that will upset the dog when he tries to eat the poop.  The important thing here is to remember that immediate  action is needed, not delayed or verbal actions. Dogs will  only get confused in those cases.
Deterrents - Specific deterrents include spraying  various things like bitter apple or cayenne pepper on the  poop. You can also feed your dog pumpkin with their food. The pumpkin makes the poop unpleasant to regest, effectively deterring your dog.  There are some commercial deterrents as well, but  beware of any chemicals or things with unknown  ingredients. There are enough natural ways to deter your  dog from eating poop that you don't need to use these  types of products.
Vitamin Supplements - If there is a vitamin  deficiency, supplement it with a good multivitamin. Your  vet can recommend a good one that contains all of the necessary missing nutrients. You can also feed your dog  more fresh foods and less dry food as this helps a lot.  A dog that eats their poop can be easily trained to  stop doing so. The important thing is to make sure your  dog understands exactly what behaviour is being  challenged. This requires consistency on your part, and  that of your family if more than one person walks your  dog.
If you can maintain control over how your dog is  walked, what they do on that walk and what they eat, the  poop eating behaviour should be eradicated in a few short days.
NOTE: THE INFORMATION ABOVE ARE BREEDER SUGGESTIONS ONLY AND IS NOT INTENDED TO TAKE THE PLACE OF VETERINARIAN ADVICE. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR LICENSED VETERINARIAN FOR EXTRA ADVICE AND MEDICAL CARE.