The Art of Breeding
Serious Chihuahua breeders have spent years researching genetics and the breed, they breed only the best specimens and screen for hereditary defects in order to obtain superior puppies. Prospective Chihuahua breeders have one more worry than do breeders of most other dogs. All Chihuahuas are little, some Chihuahuas are tiny. Even if bread to tiny stud, there is a definite risk, that any resulting puppies would be too large to be carried full term, or to be whelped naturally. Cherish your tiny Chihuahua female, but don't risk her life by breeding her. Why do otherwise sane people breed dogs at all? Ethical and knowledgeable breeders seldom do. We breed a litter only after studying the breed standart, pedigrees and individual dogs to find the most advatageous match of conformation. When we do breed, it is because we love the Chihuahua and believe that our puppies could be a worthwhile addition not only to the breed, but to somebody's life.
Most people who breed their Chihuahuas are doing their pets, the breed and resulting puppies a world of disservice. There are more reasons not to breed a litter than there are to breed one:
* A spade female Chihuahua is less likely to develop breast cancer and a number of other hormone-related diseases. She should be spayed before her first season in order to avoid these problems.
*There is definite discomfort and a discomfort and a certain amount of danger to any dog, but especially to a tiny dog, when whelping a litter. There are too many things that can go wrong.
*A litter is expensive! Stud fee, prenatal care, whelping complications, cesarean sections, supplemental feeding, puppy food, beds, pads, towels, blankets, cleaning products, health check, vaccinations, advertising and a staggering investment of time and energy should be considered.
*As I said before, serious breeders have spent years researching geneticsand the breed ; we breed only the best speciments and screen for hereditary defects in order to obtain superior puppies. Until you have done the same, you are undoing the hard work of those who have dedicated their lives to bettering the breed.
*Finding responsible buyers is very difficult. You may find homes, but will they really be good homes?
Pregnancy and birth in a tiny dog can be risky, so you will want to find out as much as you can about Chihuahua pregnancy.
A lot of Chihuahuas need to be given a caesarian birth and all require close monitoring during their pregnancy. As the tiniest dog in the world there is not much room for puppies and knowing what type of dog mated with yours is important for obvious reasons.
How do you know if a Chihuahua is pregnant?
Before rushing off to the vet for a confirmation you can use these signs to determine pregnancy yourself:
Nipples. These will become enlarged and may darken.
Hardened stomach. Her tummy will enlarge very quickly, much quicker than with other dog breeds, and become hard.
Lethargy. You dog will have less energy.
Increased urination. The pressure from the uterus will have your pooch relieving herself more often.
Change in appetite. Your dog could be hungrier than usual or pickier with her food.
If your chihuahua is pregnant, there are a few things you will need to know and do to prepare.
Gestation period. This may be anything from 58 to 66 days. Knowing the insemination date will allow you to predict the birth date and prepare for it. Anything over 70 days is cause for concern and you should get your dog to a vet immediately in case of complications.
False pregnancy. Your pooch will show all the signs of a real pregnancy but they will start to fade within a month.
Temperature drop. As soon as your Chihuahua’s temperature drops below 100°F, you will know that she will give birth within the next 24 hours. Have a thermometer on hand and take her temperature every 4 hours on the day prior to the expected due date.
Help during pregnancy. If at all possible, allow your dog to give birth at a clinic where she will be cared for by professionals. A Chihuahua pregnancy can be tricky to manage successfully at home unless you know a lot about chihuahua pregnancy.
Quality feeding. It is very important to provide especially nutritious food to a pregnant chihuahua to help her keep up with the physical demands of growing puppies.
Rest and quiet. Make sure she has a quiet, comfortable place to lie where she can get plenty of rest. Limit exercise to no more than half an hour a day.
Gentle treatment. Anyone that comes into contact with a pregnant Chihuahua must exercise due care and gentleness with her. Avoid loud noises and distractions.
Nesting. Just before whelping your dog will start digging and chewing at her bedding and will probably start licking and cleaning herself. This nesting behaviour is a sure sign that the birth of the puppies is imminent and you should get her to the vet.
A Chihuahua pregnancy need not be cause for undue concern as long as you are in close contact with your vet, and take good care of your pooch. Educate yourself about Chihuahua pregnancy so that you are organised when the time comes.